ISBLANK: Google Sheets Function ☝️Explained (Definition, Syntax, How to Use It, Examples)

This guide covers everything you need to know about the Google Sheets ISBLANK function, including its definition, syntax, use cases, and how to use it.

What Is the ISBLANK Function? How Does It Work?

The ISBLANK function in Google Sheets is a specific function that returns a Boolean value based on the content of a specified cell. Essentially, it checks whether the referenced cell is empty or not. If the cell is empty, the function returns TRUE; if the cell contains any sort of data, the function returns FALSE. This function is valuable in circumstances where the user needs to identify or filter out blank cells within a dataset.

Even spaces, the empty string (“”), and hidden characters are considered as content by the ISBLANK function. So, if the function returns FALSE for a cell that appears empty, it’s worth clearing the cell again to ensure there are no hidden characters.

The ISBLANK function is particularly useful when used in conjunction with conditional statements such as IF. By utilizing this function in a formula, users can create dynamic conditional statements based on the presence or absence of data in a certain cell. For instance, you might use it to only perform calculations when a cell is not empty, avoiding errors caused by dividing by zero or other operations that require specific data.

While it is a straightforward function, it can greatly enhance the flexibility and functionality of a Google Sheets document, particularly in large or complex datasets where manually checking for blank cells would be impractical.


The syntax and arguments for the function are as follows:


In this function, the ‘value’ argument is the reference to the cell that will be checked for being blank. The ISBLANK function will return TRUE if the ‘value’ is empty or refers to an empty cell and FALSE if it contains data or refers to a cell with data.

The syntax-related usage notes for the ISBLANK function include:

  • The ISBLANK function will return FALSE if the referenced cell contains any content. This includes spaces, the empty string (“”), and any hidden characters. If the function returns FALSE unexpectedly, it may be necessary to clear the cell again to remove any hidden characters.
  • As per the syntax, only one argument is used in the ISBLANK function. This argument can be a direct reference to a cell (A1) or a cell range (A1:A10). However, if a range of cells is provided, the ISBLANK function will only check the first cell in the range.
  • The ISBLANK function is not case-sensitive. It will return the same result regardless of whether the cell contents are in lowercase, uppercase, or a mix of both.

Examples of How to Use the ISBLANK Function

Here are some practical examples of how you can use the ISBLANK function in Google Sheets.

Example #1: Checking if a Cell is Empty

Suppose you have a list of data in column A, and you want to check if any cells are left blank. You can use the ISBLANK function to do this.

In cell B1, you can type the formula “=ISBLANK(A1)”. This formula will return TRUE if cell A1 is empty and FALSE if it contains any data.

You can then drag the corner of the cell to copy this formula down column B. This will check all the cells in column A and return TRUE for any that are blank.

Example #2: Counting Blank Cells

You can also use the ISBLANK function in combination with the COUNTIF function to count the number of blank cells in a range.

For example, if you want to count the number of blank cells in A1:A10, you can use the formula “=COUNTIF(A1:A10, ISBLANK(A1:A10))”. This will return the number of blank cells in the range.

Example #3: Highlighting Blank Cells

Another way to use the ISBLANK function is to highlight blank cells in your spreadsheet. You can do this using conditional formatting.

First, select the range of cells you want to check. Then, go to Format > Conditional formatting. In the “Format cells if” drop-down menu, select “Custom formula is”. Type “=ISBLANK(A1)” in the box that appears. Then, apply a formatting style, such as a fill color, to any blank cells. Click “Done” to apply the formatting.

Example #4: Filtering Out Blank Cells

Finally, you can use the ISBLANK function to filter out blank cells in a dataset.

Let’s say you have a list of data in column A and want to filter out any blank cells. In cell B1, type the formula “=IF(ISBLANK(A1), “”, A1)”. This formula will return the value in cell A1 if it’s not blank and an empty string if it is.

You can then use the filter function to exclude any cells in column B that contain an empty string. This will effectively filter out any blank cells in column A.

These are just a few examples of how you can use the ISBLANK function in Google Sheets. As you can see, it’s a versatile tool that can help you manage and analyze your data more effectively.

ISBLANK: Common Mistakes & Problems

When using the ISBLANK function in Google Sheets, a number of problems can occur. Understanding these issues can help you avoid them and use the function more effectively:

  • Incorrect Reference: One of the most common mistakes is referencing the wrong cell. The ISBLANK function only checks if a specified cell is empty or not. If you specify the wrong cell, you will get inaccurate results. Always double-check your cell references.
  • Misunderstanding the Function: ISBLANK function will only return TRUE if the cell is completely empty. It will return FALSE if there’s any content in the cell, even if it’s just a space, a formula that returns an empty string, or a zero.
  • Ignoring Case Sensitivity: Google Sheets functions are not case-sensitive. However, if you are comparing the result of ISBLANK with another function or a value that is case-sensitive, this might lead to unexpected results.
  • Confusing with ISNULL or ISEMPTY: These are different functions and should not be confused with ISBLANK. ISNULL checks if a cell contains the null value while ISEMPTY checks if a cell is empty or contains only whitespace.
  • Not Considering Array Formulas: If you are using ISBLANK within an array formula, it will return an array of TRUE/FALSE values. This might lead to unexpected results if you’re not familiar with how array formulas work.

Why Is ISBLANK Not Working? Troubleshooting Common Errors

If you’re using the ISBLANK function in Google Sheets and it’s not working as expected, there could be a few reasons why. In this section, we’ll go over some of the most common errors, what causes them, and how to fix them.

#VALUE! Error

Cause: The #VALUE! error usually occurs when the ISBLANK function is used with a range of cells instead of a single cell. Since ISBLANK can only check one cell at a time, using it with a range of cells will result in this error.

Solution: To fix this, you need to ensure that the ISBLANK function is only used with a single cell. If you need to check a range of cells, consider using an array formula with the ISBLANK function instead. An example of this could be: =ARRAYFORMULA(MIN(ISBLANK(A1:A10)))

False Positives

Cause: Sometimes, the ISBLANK function may return a false positive, indicating that a cell is empty when it actually contains a value. This can happen if the cell contains a formula that returns an empty string (“”). ISBLANK considers such cells as not empty because they contain a formula, even though the result of that formula is blank.

Solution: If you want a formula to return TRUE when a cell appears empty (even if it contains a formula that results in an empty string), you should use the ISEMPTY function instead of ISBLANK. For example, instead of =ISBLANK(A1), use =ISEMPTY(A1).

Invisible Characters

Cause: Another reason why ISBLANK might not work correctly is if a cell contains invisible characters such as spaces, non-breaking spaces, or other non-printable characters. To ISBLANK, these cells are not empty, so it will return FALSE.

Solution: To fix this, you can use the TRIM function to remove any leading, trailing, or repeated spaces in the cell. If you suspect non-breaking spaces or other non-printable characters, you can use the CLEAN function to remove them. After cleaning the cell, you can then use ISBLANK to check if it’s empty.

Case-Sensitivity Errors

Cause: The ISBLANK function is case-insensitive, which means it treats lowercase and uppercase characters as the same. If you’re using ISBLANK in a case-sensitive context, it might not work as expected.

Solution: Google Sheets doesn’t have a built-in function for case-sensitive blank checking. But you can create a custom function using Google Apps Script to handle this.

Using ISBLANK With Other Google Sheets Functions

Combining ISBLANK with other Google Sheets functions can further enhance its utility and versatility. Below are some examples of how ISBLANK can be used with other functions.

With IF

Usage: ISBLANK can be paired with the IF function to create more specific conditions. If the cell referenced by ISBLANK is empty, the IF function will return a value you specify. If it’s not empty, the IF function will return a different value.

Example: Suppose you wanted to check if cell A1 is empty. If it is, you want the formula to return “Empty”. If not, you want it to return “Not Empty”. The formula would be:

=IF(ISBLANK(A1), “Empty”, “Not Empty”)


Usage: ISBLANK can be used with the COUNTIF function to count the number of blank cells in a range.

Example: Let’s say you have a range of cells (A1:A10) and you want to count how many of them are empty. The formula would be:



Usage: ISBLANK can be used with ARRAYFORMULA to apply the ISBLANK function to an entire range of cells. This can be useful when dealing with large datasets.

Example: If you want to check if any cells in the range A1:A10 are empty, you can use the following formula:


This will return an array of TRUE or FALSE values. TRUE if the corresponding cell in the range is empty, and FALSE if it’s not.


Usage: ISBLANK can be used with SUMPRODUCT to calculate the sum of the products of corresponding entries in the given arrays, but only if the corresponding cell in another array is blank.

Example: If you have two arrays (A1:A10 and B1:B10) and you want to sum the products of their corresponding values, but only if the corresponding cell in a third array (C1:C10) is blank, you could use the following formula:

=SUMPRODUCT(A1:A10 * B1:B10 * ISBLANK(C1:C10))

This formula checks if each cell in the range C1:C10 is blank. If it is, it multiplies the corresponding values in the ranges A1:A10 and B1:B10 and adds them to the sum. If it’s not, it ignores that set of values.

For more details on the ISBLANK function, check out the official documentation at the Google Docs Editors Help Center.

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Daniel Smith
Daniel Smith
Daniel Smith is automation consultant with a passion for technology, data, AI, and machine learning.

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